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Dynamics of Psychotherapy

Psycho dynamic Methods…

Freud Structural ModelThis blog is continued as part of the series of blogs related to Cognitive Behavioural TherapyThese notes are a mixture of my own interpretation and study notes from the Diploma.

Many psychoanalytical theories and terms and very similar to concepts in CBT, so anyone studying CBT should really spend time learning this topic.  Psychoanalysis was one of the great developments of the late nineteenth century, and usually credited to Sigmund Freud (born 1856) and his associates.

Using basic analysis methods, its important to understand the theories and concepts of psycho dynamic;

We would look at the following:

  • The role of the unconscious
  • The structure of personality
  • The psycho sexual stages of development
  • The importance of past and childhood experience
  • Transference and the nature of the therapeutic relationship
  • The significance of dreams

The list goes on, but that was just a few examples.  Freud developed the topographical model of the human mind, a three-dimensional model containing the unconscious, the pre-conscious and the conscious.  He considered that the pre-conscious was the area containing thoughts and ideas available for us to recall, the unconscious contained information where information was repressed and access was controlled by the unconscious itself, then the conscious was the thinking conscious mind.  Makes sense right?

Freud Conception of the Human PsycheFreud continued work on this model, and in the 1920’s adapted it into a structural model of personality.  He renamed the three parts into the now famous (main model):

  • ID (formerly the unconscious)
  • Ego
  • Superego
  • Conscious

The ID is considered the most primitive of the parts of the personality.  It contains instinct and inherited drives.  Ego is the manager of the drives of the ID.  It seeks to manage the desires of the ID in realistic and attainable ways.  The Superego is in effect the morality principle, developing from about the age of 3 years old.  It develops from internalising principles, morals, rules and ethics, primarily from parental figures.

Freud believed our subconscious is split into these forces, the base desires (ID), the logical planning and managing drive (Ego) and the code of conduct and ethics (Superego).

If you have ever been to a CBT Therapist, they normally start with the family and your childhood, this can be frustrating, but it can be absolutely vital to determine behaviour and patterns.  Behaviour does not change overnight, it takes time and if you are open to change, by attending meetings with a CBT Therapist, you can change beliefs that you have had all your life.

If this sounds good and something you would like to explore, please contact Louise Wightman for a session.  Louise is a qualified CBT Therapist and recommends at least 4 – 6 sessions to feel a difference.

This is the second blog focusing on Cognitive Behavioural Therapy.  I hope you enjoy reading them and welcome any feedback.

Louise Wightman is a Business Coach and Trainer, the coaching website is  We have another website called Digital Diva Media, this is for the social media, website design, marketing and SEO.  If you are interested in these services, the website is  Please subscribe to our RSS feeds to receive future blogs and connect with us via social media.

Originally posted 2013-04-28 19:01:39. Republished by Blog Post Promoter

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